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Architecting the Enterprise
What is the value of mature Enterprise Architecture?
Judith Jones
CEO, Architecting the Enterprise
Telelogic Conference
4th November 2008
Slide 1 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Architecting the Enterprise
Global Reach: Consultancy & Training
Building the Enterprise Architecture Community
► Provide training and consultancy in Enterprise Architecture
► Trained and certified over 60% of all TOGAF certified practitioners worldwide (4000+)
► Training and consultancy organisation for TOGAF certifications (2003 – 2008)
With classes in 92 cities across 38 countries: 250+ classes per year
SLIDE 2 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
What is this Architecture everyone talks about?
“Architecture is the structure to deliver outcomes”
...with qualities…..attributes…..styles…
SLIDE 3 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
What have we learnt….
Enterprise Architecture is not optional
Every enterprise already has an Enterprise Architecture
Some
are designed
and some
just happen
Enterprise Architecture exists within your organisation and
….
it affects the efficiency and effectiveness of the enterprise
SLIDE 4 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Vision
The Information Age
To ensure the availability of
global Enterprise Architecture standards,
competencies and professionalism
that will enable our customers
to realize major value in their business and
practices.
SLIDE 5 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Why Enterprise Architecture in the Information Age
Where EA
is now
Where EA
needs to be
What EA
should be
Where EA
needs to go
The value and payback of quality Enterprise Architecture
to meet the business challenges
is being increasingly recognised by customers, industry
leaders and governments.
SLIDE 6 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Conventional Approach in a Business Management Context
Business
Strategy & Plan
Development
Business
Drivers
Business
Value
Business
Management
& Operational
Services
SLIDE 7 of 42
Business
Change
Programs
Business requirements
Business
Infrastructure
& Services
Telelogic Conference 2008
IS and IT
Development
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Enterprise Architecture in a Business Management Context
Business
Leadership
Business
Drivers
Business
Change
Programs
Business
Value
Business
Capability
Business
Capability
Business
Infrastructure
& Services
SLIDE 8 of 42
Enterprise
Architecture
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Business Management Framework Relationships
Corporate
Business Plan
Identifies
Directs
Business Transformation
Goals and Objectives
5 – 10
years
Functional
Portfolios
Strategic
Enterprise
Architecture
& Plan
Structures
(e.g. IT, HR)
Manages & Creates
Consists of
Consists of
Capability
3–5
years
Approves
Project
Project
Project/
Initiative
(Outcome
Oriented)
Contains
Directs
Identifies,
And Technical
Direction
Tactical
Transformation
Architecture & Plan
Contains
Contains
1 – 1.5
years
Coordinates
& Funds
Project/
Initiative
Increment
Capability
Increment
Integrates
Transformation
Transformation
Architecture
Transition
Architecture
Architecture
Designates
Delivers
Organisation
Infrastructure
SLIDE 9 of 42
Directs
Portfolio/Project
Management
Designs
Building Blocks
(Deliverables)
Capability
Management
Telelogic Conference 2008
Enterprise
Infrastructure
Architecture
Architecting the Enterprise
Limited Copyright © 2008
Management
The BIG Question......
How do you develop good and even better
Enterprise Architecture?
SLIDE 10 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The MANY Answers.......
People
Process
Industry
Standard
Architecture
Framework
& Standards
Unified business
Enterprise
Architecture
Capabilities
and
Competencies
Architecture
Tools &
Technologies
Technology
Culture
SLIDE 11 of 42
Professional
Practice &
Business Services
Certification
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Unified business
Enterprise
Architecture
Capabilities
and
Competencies
Prepare for the Cultural Journey
...its not a one day wonder...
SLIDE 12 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
EA evolves and drives IT value at Intel
2003
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
Intel EA efforts
launched
Chief Architects
assigned to data,
applications, and
technical domains
Application
architecture broken
out to include
solution architecture
Centralize all Data
Analysts
Tackled EA Data
problem
EA Data model with
Data quality
~$15M in reuse
2004
►
►
►
►
►
►
Chief Business
Architect and
Business
architecture group
added
Enterprise broken
into 7 solution
domains
Solution principles
and project
architecture
compliance
scorecards
established
Industry recognized
for meta data
solution
Bluebook published
~$35M in reuse
Case Study
2005
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
2006
Architecture
discipline unified as
EA Practice
Enterprise
Architecture extends
to IT (traditional)
EA training extended
across IT
Business Modeling
training
Domain reference
architecture
published
Business domain
specific future state
architectures
developed
~$53M in reuse
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
Enterprise
Architecture
Principles and
policies published
Building codes
published
Governance Process
revamped
Business and Data
cross alignment and
training
Adopt a common
Intel Architecture
development
methodology (IADM)
Combine innovation
and research with
the Enterprise
Architecture practice
~$147M in reuse
Source: Gregg Wyant, Intel WW Lead Architect, EA Re-use Efforts
SLIDE 13 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Re-Inventing HP based on Architected IT
Business Objectives1…
Case Study
…Drive IT Objectives1
CEO Mark Hurd 3 Year Objectives:
CIO Randy Mott 3 Year Objectives:
1.
Align corporate strategy
1.
Portfolio management
2.
Get the operating model
(accountability) right
2.
Global data centers (consolidate
systems and applications)
3.
Ensure the right people to execute
the operating model
3.
IT workforce effectiveness
4.
Lower cost of IT to ~ 2% Rev
4.
World class IT (they are what they
eat so they can sell it)
5.
Consolidate (shadow) IT into one org
in 90 days to improve accountability
5.
Enterprise Data Warehouse (master
data and data mart consolidation).
Eliminate 765 data marts.
6.
Simplify (~6000 apps to 1600)
Yielding higher value solutions2
►
►
►
Architected solutions have 28% fewer lifetime incidents
Architected solutions require 2x less labor for lifetime changes
Architected solutions cost 7x less when moving to refreshed infrastructure
Source: 1. HP IT Transformation Forum, 9-11 Jan 2008, Austin 2. Mark Hall, HP EA Services
SLIDE 14 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Micron EA Evolution
Case Study
2005
►
►
►
►
Initial formation of
EA group (iTAO)
Initial set of
architectural
objectives
established
First IS-wide EA
communication
(SLF)
2006
►
►
►
►
►
Culture challenges
EA adoption
►
2007
Roadmap processes
updated
New technology
evaluation process
established
Architectural review
process established
Researched formal
EA frameworks
First architects
TOGAF certified
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
Cultural challenges
remain, but
decreasing
TOGAF formally
adopted
TOGAF ADM first
used
>30 architects
TOGAF certified
Formal roadmap
rationalization effort
begins
First EA maturity
assessment
IS-wide EA goals
Exec recognition of
program begins
►
Outsourcing
improves EA focus
►
Culture starting to
embrace EA
Source: Micron Case Study, APC, San Francisco Jan 2008
SLIDE 15 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Business Implications - Driving Alignment
Case Study
Define - What
Functional Units
Central Teams
Shared Services
Business Architects
Knowledge Framework
IT Services Framework
Master Data Team
IT Architects
Approve - Prioritize
Executive Review Board
Initiate
Gate 1
Plan
Execute
& Control
Gate 2
Gate 3
PMO + Business + IT
Telelogic Conference 2008
Close
Gate 4
Business Value
Execute - Resource
SLIDE 16 of 42
Scoping
Business Needs
Align - How
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Example: Architecture Principle: KUB-IT
Professional
Practice &
Business Services
Certification
The Architecture Practice will encourage
► Knowledge sharing ....by....
► Unifying management stakeholders with common goals
and management outcomes ....to....
► Build business competencies and capabilities
....which....
► Initiate business value and synergy across the
organisation’s business and supporting operations
....through....
► Team working effectively within both a common
Enterprise Architecture and Business Framework
SLIDE 17 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Use an industry standard Architecture Framework
► Best practice and professional approach
Industry
Standard
Architecture
Framework
& Standards
■ Provides synergy with and access to accumulated best
practice capabilities of the business, industry architecture and
IT standards
■ Re-useable capabilities that reduce cost of developments
■ Ensures completeness of the design and change process
► Inject rigor and transform architecture development from a
‘black art’ into an engineering discipline
► Improve quality and robustness of architectures
► Enables an organisation to demonstrate and prove good
governance and improving competencies
► Enables easier communication within the business teams
SLIDE 18 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Enterprise Architecture Framework in Organisations
Infosys Enterprise Architecture Survey 2007
SLIDE 19 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Architecture Framework in Organisations 2007
©Infosys Enterprise Architecture Survey 2007
SLIDE 20 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF Evolution…..and future more to come
• Customer members demand architecture standards …
• Customer members select TAFIM as preferred starting point…
• DoD Information Systems Agency (DISA) donate TAFIM as base
• TOGAF first published • TOGAF 7 – Technical Edition
‘93
‘94
‘96
‘01
‘02
• The Interoperable
Enterprise
Business Scenario
first published
‘04
‘05
‘06
‘07
‘08
‘09
•
TOGAF 9
Latest TOGAF 8.1.1
Specification published
TOGAF 7 Certification
Program Launched
SLIDE 21 of 42
‘03
• TOGAF 8 – Enterprise Edition
• TOGAF Projects
TOGAF 8 Certification
Program Launched
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The TOGAF 8 Components
TOGAF 8 Components
Architecture Development
Method
Resources
Principles, Compliance
& Governance
Framework
Enterprise Continuum
Preliminary Phase
Architecture Vision
Technical
Reference
Model
Integrated
Information
Infrastructure
Model
Standards
Information
Base
Skills
Framework
Business Architecture
Information Systems
Architecture
Foundation
Architecture
Common
Systems
Architectures
Industry
Architectures
Organization
Architectures
Other Architecture
Frameworks
Technology Architecture
Opportunities
& Solutions
Migration Planning
Case Studies
Products &
Services
Systems
Solutions
Industry
Solutions
Organization
Solutions
Views, Tools &
Techniques
Implementation
Governance
Architecture
Change Management
Glossary
Requirements
Management
SLIDE 22 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The TOGAF Architecture Development Method
The ADM comprises the full life-cycle management of an
Enterprise Architecture from planning to operational
deployment and change.
OPERATIONAL
ENTERPRISE
ARCHITECTURE
H
Architecture
Change
Management
G
Implementation
Governance
A
Architecture
Vision
Requirements
Management
Preliminary
Framework &
Principles
Business
Architecture
B
Business
Architecture
Applications
Architecture
CC
Information
Information
System
System
Architectures
Architectures
Data
Architecture
F
Migration
Planning
SLIDE 23 of 42
E
Opportunities
& Solutions
Telelogic Conference 2008
D
Technology
Architecture
Technology
Architecture
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Value of TOGAF
►
►
►
►
►
Adaptable Industry Standard
Re-useable assets
Team Building Approach
Informed Decision Making
Focus on Professional People, Quality Process & Technology
Certification Programs
for
ENTERPRISE & IT ARCHITECTURE
People
 Products
Professional Services
Tools
SLIDE 24 of 13
42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF Market Leadership - 2008
Architecture
Tools &
Technologies
► Number of TOGAF Downloads
■ 90,000+ (2006/7 850+% growth)
► Number of TOGAF Practitioners
■ 7000+ (2006/7 700+% growth)
► Number of TOGAF certified Tools
■ 15+ (2006/7 500+% growth)
► Industry Architecture standard
SLIDE 25 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF and other methods, frameworks….
► TOGAF and SOA
■ SOA is an Architecture Style
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
TOGAF and ITIL
…..PRINCE 2/PMI….
TOGAF and COBIT
TOGAF and MDA
TOGAF and Zachman
TOGAF and DODAF
…..FEA...
http://www.opengroup.org
SLIDE 26 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF in the Information Age
Where TOGAF 8
is now
Where TOGAF
is preparing
Where TOGAF
will be in 2009+
Where TOGAF
needs to go
The value and payback of quality Enterprise Architecture
to meet the business challenges
is being increasingly recognised by customers, industry
leaders and governments.
SLIDE 27 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF Way Ahead
► TOGAF 9
► Launch in early 2009
► Preserves the existing investment in TOGAF 8.1.1
■ The core method
■ Existing investment in People
● Knowledge and skills
■ Existing investment in Tools
► Adding further detail and clarification to what has already been proven
► The TOGAF certification program will be updated to include certification for this new
version of the specification
► Detailed information on requirements for certification will be available in the fourth
quarter 2008
SLIDE 28 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
What’s new in TOGAF 9
► Modular Structure
► Content Framework
► Extended Guidance on using TOGAF
► Explicit Consideration of Architectural Styles
► Significant ADM phase content changes
► Business Management Alignment
SLIDE 29 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
TOGAF 9 Table of Contents
Part I - Introduction
Based on 8.1.1 Content with new material added
Preface, Executive Overview, Core Concepts, Definitions
and Release Notes
Part II – Architecture Development Method
Introduction to ADM
ADM Phase Narratives
The essence of 8.1.1 retained plus more detail
Part III – ADM Guidelines and Techniques
Guidelines for Adapting the ADM Process
Techniques for Architecture Development
Derived from 8.1.1 with new materials including
SOA, Security
Part IV – Architecture Content Framework
Architectural Artifacts
Architecture Deliverables
Building Blocks
New for TOGAF 9
Part V – Enterprise Continuum and Tools
Enterprise Continuum
Architecture Partitioning
Architecture Repository
Substantively Revised
Tools for Architecture Development
Part VI – TOGAF Reference Models
Foundation Architecture: Technical Reference Model
Integrated Information Infrastructure Reference Model
Derived from 8.1.1 Enterprise Continuum
Part VII – Architecture Capability Framework
Architecture Board
Architecture Compliance
Architecture Contracts
Derived from 8.1.1 Resource Base
Architecture Governance
Architecture Maturity Models
Architecture Skills Framework
SLIDE 30 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Unified business
Enterprise
Architecture
Capabilities
and
Competencies
Are you ready to start?
SLIDE 31 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Ten Rules to Prepare for EA Success
1.
Provide the business leadership
2.
Ensure that you have the resource and skills to manage enterprise architecture
development and buy-in....
3.
Establish the Architecture Metrics, Frameworks and Standards to be used
4.
Leverage industry knowledge and best practice
5.
Use best practice Reference Models as a baseline
6.
Use Architecture Governance to ensure conformance
7.
Ensure your people are competent and professionals
8.
Manage the architecture costs and expectations
9.
Control the Architecture and embed in your business process
10. Ensure there is ownership of the Enterprise Architecture ....
SLIDE 32 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Measuring the Maturity of your Enterprise Architecture
► What do we do?
► Do we know when we mature?
► How do we measure Maturity Enterprise Architecture?
SLIDE 33 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The Value of Maturity Assessment
► Assist organizations to retain competitive advantage, identifying ways of
cutting costs, improving quality, reducing time to market ….
► Enables greater efficiency in the utilization of resources and prioritizes
projects by creating a roadmap for target enterprise architecture maturity
level.
► A standard methodology enables a stable state of maturity development to
be reached and for incremental improvements to be made over time.
► Increases an organization's capability for Enterprise Architecture.
Successful EA programs are viewed as critical to business sustainability.
► Give an indication of compliance with governance policies and procedures
across the enterprise
► Derive Financial benefits from reduced redundancy, support and
acquisition costs, plus improved time to delivery
SLIDE 34 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
ACMM and the TOGAF ADM
0 – None
1 – Initial
A successful cycle of
the TOGAF ADM
takes the enterprise
to Maturity Level 3
Preliminary
Framework &
Principles
H
Architecture
Change
Management
2 – Under
Development
A
Architecture
Vision
B
Business
Architecture
3 - Defined
G
Implementation
Governance
Requirements
Management
F
Migration
Planning
SLIDE 35 of 42
CC
Information
Information
System
System
Architectures
Architectures
E
Opportunities
& Solutions
D
Technology
Architecture
Telelogic Conference 2008
ATE090 - Enterprise Architecture Maturity Models
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
ACMM and the TOGAF ADM
0 – None
1 – Initial
Preliminary
Framework &
Principles
4 – Managed
5 - Measured
H
Architecture
Change
Management
A
Architecture
Vision
2 – Under
Development
B
Business
Architecture
3 - Defined
G
Implementation
Governance
Moving beyond
Maturity Level 3
requires changes to
people, processes
and culture
SLIDE 36 of 18
42
CC
Information
Information
System
System
Architectures
Architectures
Requirements
Management
F
Migration
Planning
E
Opportunities
& Solutions
D
Technology
Architecture
Telelogic Conference 2008
ATE090 - Enterprise Architecture Maturity Models
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
AtE Architecture Capability Maturity Model
►Based on TOGAF work:-
 Appraisal requirements for CMMI (ARC) framework
The US Department of Commerce Enterprise Architecture
Capability Maturity Model (2007)
TOGAF & Future Developments of TOGAF
NASCIO Maturity Model(2008)
and ………
Architecting the Enterprise Skills Framework (contributed 2004)
plus……..
Formal Analysis of Enterprise Re-engineering CSFs
SLIDE 37 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The AtE Maturity Framework – Process Areas (1-10)
Process Areas
Relevance to Architecture
Maturity Levels
0
1
2
3
4
5
1
Architecture Development
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
2
Architecture Standards
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
3
Architecture Governance
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
4
Architecture Competencies
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
5
Business Linkage
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
6
Business Transformation
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
7
Senior Management Engagement
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
8
Enterprise Units Collaboration
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
9
Enterprise Units Buy-in
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
10 Architecture Information
SLIDE 38 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
The AtE Maturity Framework – Process Areas (11-20)
Process Areas
Relevance to Architecture
Maturity Levels
0
1
2
3
4
5
11 Architecture Communication
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
12 Architecture Stakeholder Management
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
13 Architecture Communities
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
14 Investment and Acquisition Strategy
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
15 Service Qualities
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
16 Architecture Business Administration
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
17 Requirements Management
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
18 Enterprise Architecture Tools
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
19 Architecture-Enabler Relationship
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
20 Architecture Service Acquisition
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
SLIDE 39 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Example Illustration of an EA Implementation Roadmap
Understand and engage more
closely with the Business
Manage, relate, quantify and
develop Requirements
Build Configuration and Change
Management capability
Build and Integrate
Architecture Development Method
Build Non-functional specialities
Attain role consistency /
mapping
Broaden governance
beyond Consent and
Compliance
Build strategic capability within the team and benchmark periodically
SLIDE 40 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
HR2 Factor - the value of mature Enterprise Architecture
► Helps get the job done quicker....£££$$$€€€
► Reduce your risk...........................£££££$$$$$$€€€€€€
► Reduce your running costs..........££££££££$$$$$$$$$€€€€€€€€
SLIDE 41 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
Thank you for your time today & Thank you Telelogic!
Judith Jones
[email protected]
[email protected]
www.architecting-the-enterprise.com
+44 208 122 9150
SLIDE 42 of 42
Telelogic Conference 2008
Architecting the Enterprise Limited Copyright © 2008
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