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Basic Education in China
Wang, Dinghua,PhD
Basic Education Department
Ministry of Education, PRC
China is developing country with a population
taking up one fifth of the world’s total. 367
million people are below 18.
The Choice of China
Converting the
pressure into
huge human
Adopting the strategy of
reinvigorating the
country through science
and education
 The Chinese Government has put
forward the scientific development
outlook of “putting people in the first
place” and “promoting the harmonious
development of economy and society”
and the idea of building a socialist
harmonious society.
Great Achievement in
China’s Basic Education
 95% of total population receives 9 year
compulsory education.
High school education grows up
Curriculum reforms are undergoing
pretty well.
Teachers are respected.
A series of educational laws
promulgated and revised.
Pressing Challenges in
China’s Basic Education
Although K-12 education in China has made
significant advances, the overall development
has been quite uneven and imbalanced.
Obvious gaps exist between different schools.
It can neither respond well to the needs of
rapid socio-economic development, nor satisfy
the aspiration of the broad masses for
balanced basic education.
As a
country, the
divide is
evident in
s like Beijing
But in Vast
rural areas,
is still chief
Urgent demand for Quality
 Quality is the lifeline for education. Basic Education in
some areas and many schools in some areas can not
meet the increasing demand from the public for a high
quality education.
 Parents have very high demand for high quality.
 High quality education not only refers to education
with better infrastructure, but also refers to qualified
teaching contingent, improved teaching process, better
management, and proper philosophy of running
 Teacher’s quality needs to be improved.
Curriculum must be
more oriented and
relevant to students in
the country-side.
 Although innovations are undergoing with
entrance examinations into higher
education institutions.
 Examination related subjects emphasized.
 Too much learning burden is faced up with
Campaigns for
basic education
Compulsory Education
To universalize the 9-year compulsory
education in the entire country has great
bearings on China’s modernization effort. It is
both a grave challenge and a task that must be
carried out by this interim government.
Curriculum Reform
 Conduct comprehensive reform of
curriculum, textbook, in basic
 Leverage the excellent cultural
and educational traditions of
China as well as the advanced
curricula, textbooks and teaching
methods of the other countries.
Objectives of new
curriculum in China
1. To understand China’s history and
her current status thus become ready
to assume responsibilities for their
personal and national development, in
the meantime to respect other nations
and their cultures and to be ready to
participate in international
development and communication;
2. To master the basic skills for reading,
writing and arithmetic operation, basic
knowledge for culture and science,
necessary skills to express themselves
and communicate with others, capacity to
process information, to acquire basic labor
skills, so that they can adapt effectively to
the learning society;
3. To develop, through observation and
experience, a scientific understanding of
the environment, sustainable development
and ecological ethics, and to be able to
identify, analyze and solve problems in
their daily life;
4. To understand and care for the
society, to form appropriate moral values
and behavioral habits, ready to serve the
people and the community;
5. To develop sound self-consciousness
and independent personality thus to take
good care of life, learn to rationally plan for
and assess one’s own development and
to cope with frustrations in the social life;
to be accustomed to engage in regular
physical exercise and proper living habits;
6. To develop healthy interest for
esthetic appreciation of the beauty of the
nature, society, science and art; to be
inclined to join in different cultural activities.
• multiple solutions for
problem solving.
• concept of space
• content of statistics.
• practice and
comprehensive application.
• calculator and computer
as tools.
• difficulty level and speed.
• conceal deliberately-man
made questions.
• delete some complicated
and seldom-appeared
• Reduce complexity of
formulas and terminologies.
• reduce requirement for
identifying skills.
link of student life experience and
some unnecessary
demand for chemistry.
chemical experiment and chemical
social survey activities.
In the light of modern sciences, add
new material.
consciousness of students to
environmental pollution, enhance
capacity of self protection.
and boring chemistry
chemistry calculation.
Teacher preparation and
professional development
 Build upon the current teacher’s training, attract
more talented people to join the teacher’s profession.
Implement the “Gardeners Project”
 Reward excellent teachers by every Teacher’s Day
 Set up codes of conduct of teachers
Improving the qualifications of
Laying much emphasis on the turning out of
qualified teachers in the western part of China.
Student learning
 Active learning
 Interactive learning
 Hands-on ability
 How to fish instead of giving fish
Teaching Process
Teaching reforms
 Classroom teaching
 Social participation
 Project oriented study
 Team work
 In teaching process, ICT is
widely applied.
Teaching Assessment
 Grade instead of 100 marks
 More encouragement
 Qualities at all aspect are encouraged
 Continuous innovations toward entrance
examination will be conducted
Through introduction of computer labs, satellite
reception devices, CD-ROM playing devices, and VCD
and DVD materials, quality educational resources will
reach rural schools in remote and poor areas.
Model 1: DVD player at teaching
From 2003 to 2007, DVD
Players and various
teaching DVDs will be
equipped for 110 thousand
rural teaching points, in
order to provide educational
resources for 5.1 million
pupils in rural and
mountainous areas.
Model 2: Satellite receiving stations
at all rural primary schools
The satellite teaching
receiving stations are being
built up in 384 thousand rural
primary schools so that the
needs of 81 million rural
pupils to educational
resources can be met.
And this job could help
improve educational quality
and teacher level of rural
primary schools.
Model 3: Computer classrooms at all
rural middle schools
We are establishing 38
thousand computer
classrooms in 38 thousand
rural middle schools so as to
deliver educational resources
and information technology to
31 million rural middle
Any nation belongs to the world. The
Chinese nation enjoys a historical and
cultural tradition not broken for 5,000 years.
Education in China can not and will not
sustain without the Chinese cultural
Our collaboration and cooperation in the field
of education will bring us even closer.
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