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Chapter 2 Review
8th Grade U.S. History
Tequesta Trace Middle
2009-2010
MR. GIRALDO
Chapter 2 Review
• Centers for the growing East-West trade of spices,
perfumes, and silks included Venice, Genoa, and Pisa.
• During the Renaissance, rulers discouraged exploration
outside of Europe.
• Information from explorers assisted mapmakers in
creating more accurate land and sea maps.
• Columbus made four voyages to the Americas claiming
land for Portugal as far south as northern South
America.
• Spain and Portugal agreed to divide ownership of the
entire unexplored world.
• Pizarro was able to conquer the Inca following the death
of the Inca ruler, Atahualpa.
Chapter 2 Review
• The Seven Cities of Cibola were finally
discovered by Juan Ponce de León.
• The taxing of Native Americans by the Spanish
led to improved living conditions for the Native
Americans.
• Henry Hudson sailed west from northern
England on his voyage to North America.
• French fur traders established trading posts in
Quebec and other parts of Canada.
Chapter 2 Review
• Who was Marco Polo?
• The historical period of intellectual and artistic creativity is known as
the…
• Which Portuguese prince laid the groundwork for a new era of
exploration?
• Who was the first Spaniard to land on the mainland of North
America?
• The explorer who first sailed around the southern tip of Africa was
• Who publicly condemned the cruel treatment of Native Americans by
the Spanish?
• England, France, and the Netherlands hoped to discover a…
• Which explorer's crew founded Quebec?
• What did the French want to establish in the Americas?
• From their trading posts in Africa, the Portuguese traded for
Chapter 2 Review
• Hernando de Soto traveled as far west as
present-day…
• The right granted by the Spanish
government to the conquistadors that
turned Native Americans into slaves was
called
Checking for Understanding
Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on
the left.
A.
B.
__
B 2. an instrument used by
C.
sailors to observe positions
D.
of stars
E.
__
G 3. the theory that a state’s or
nation’s power depended on F.
its wealth
G.
__
A 4. a period of intellectual and
H.
artistic creativity, c. 13001600
__
D 1. Spanish explorer in the
Americas in the 1500s
Renaissance
astrolabe
caravel
conquistador
mission
presidio
mercantilism
Northwest
Passage
Checking for Understanding
Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on
the left.
__
F 5. Spanish fort in the Americas
built to protect mission
settlements
__
C 6. small, fast ship with a broad
bow
__
H 7. water route to Asia through
North America sought by
European explorers
__
E 8. religious settlement
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Renaissance
astrolabe
caravel
conquistador
mission
presidio
mercantilism
Northwest
Passage
Reviewing Key Facts
Why were Europeans interested in Asia?
Europeans were interested in Asia for
trade.
Reviewing Key Facts
Where did the earliest Portuguese explorers
sail?
Dias sailed to the southernmost part of
Africa. Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa
to India.
Reviewing Key Facts
What was the main reason the Spanish
wanted to conquer the Aztec and the Inca?
The Spanish wanted to conquer the Aztec
and the Inca for their riches, mainly gold.
Reviewing Key Facts
What movement created religious rivalries in
Europe that carried over into exploration of
the Americas?
The Protestant Reformation created
religious rivalries in Europe that carried
over into the exploration of the Americas.
Reviewing Key Facts
What were explorers searching for during
their explorations of the North American
coast?
Explorers were searching for a Northwest
Passage.
Critical Thinking
Drawing Conclusions Why do you think
the Caribbean Islands are often referred to
as the West Indies?
Columbus originally believed he had landed
in the East Indies near Asia. As a result, the
islands were later named the West Indies.
Critical Thinking
Analyzing Information Study the feature
on the Columbian Exchange on page 60 of
your textbook. What foods were shipped to
Europe?
Corn, potatoes, tomatoes, beans and
chocolate were shipped to Europe.
Geography and History Activity
Study the map below and answer the questions on the
following slides.
Geography and History Activity
Place In what
present-day
states were
the Spanish
missions
located?
The Spanish
missions were
located in
Texas, New
Mexico,
Arizona, and
California.
Geography and History Activity
Location
Near what city
was the
northernmost
Spanish
mission
located?
The
northernmost
Spanish
mission was
located near
San Francisco.
Geography and History Activity
Location In
which direction
would a
traveler
leaving Mexico
City journey to
reach San
Diego?
A traveler
leaving
Mexico City
to journey to
San Diego would
travel northwest.
1/--страниц
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