Chapter 2 Review 8th Grade U.S. History Tequesta Trace Middle 2009-2010 MR. GIRALDO Chapter 2 Review • Centers for the growing East-West trade of spices, perfumes, and silks included Venice, Genoa, and Pisa. • During the Renaissance, rulers discouraged exploration outside of Europe. • Information from explorers assisted mapmakers in creating more accurate land and sea maps. • Columbus made four voyages to the Americas claiming land for Portugal as far south as northern South America. • Spain and Portugal agreed to divide ownership of the entire unexplored world. • Pizarro was able to conquer the Inca following the death of the Inca ruler, Atahualpa. Chapter 2 Review • The Seven Cities of Cibola were finally discovered by Juan Ponce de León. • The taxing of Native Americans by the Spanish led to improved living conditions for the Native Americans. • Henry Hudson sailed west from northern England on his voyage to North America. • French fur traders established trading posts in Quebec and other parts of Canada. Chapter 2 Review • Who was Marco Polo? • The historical period of intellectual and artistic creativity is known as the… • Which Portuguese prince laid the groundwork for a new era of exploration? • Who was the first Spaniard to land on the mainland of North America? • The explorer who first sailed around the southern tip of Africa was • Who publicly condemned the cruel treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish? • England, France, and the Netherlands hoped to discover a… • Which explorer's crew founded Quebec? • What did the French want to establish in the Americas? • From their trading posts in Africa, the Portuguese traded for Chapter 2 Review • Hernando de Soto traveled as far west as present-day… • The right granted by the Spanish government to the conquistadors that turned Native Americans into slaves was called Checking for Understanding Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. A. B. __ B 2. an instrument used by C. sailors to observe positions D. of stars E. __ G 3. the theory that a state’s or nation’s power depended on F. its wealth G. __ A 4. a period of intellectual and H. artistic creativity, c. 13001600 __ D 1. Spanish explorer in the Americas in the 1500s Renaissance astrolabe caravel conquistador mission presidio mercantilism Northwest Passage Checking for Understanding Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left. __ F 5. Spanish fort in the Americas built to protect mission settlements __ C 6. small, fast ship with a broad bow __ H 7. water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers __ E 8. religious settlement A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. Renaissance astrolabe caravel conquistador mission presidio mercantilism Northwest Passage Reviewing Key Facts Why were Europeans interested in Asia? Europeans were interested in Asia for trade. Reviewing Key Facts Where did the earliest Portuguese explorers sail? Dias sailed to the southernmost part of Africa. Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa to India. Reviewing Key Facts What was the main reason the Spanish wanted to conquer the Aztec and the Inca? The Spanish wanted to conquer the Aztec and the Inca for their riches, mainly gold. Reviewing Key Facts What movement created religious rivalries in Europe that carried over into exploration of the Americas? The Protestant Reformation created religious rivalries in Europe that carried over into the exploration of the Americas. Reviewing Key Facts What were explorers searching for during their explorations of the North American coast? Explorers were searching for a Northwest Passage. Critical Thinking Drawing Conclusions Why do you think the Caribbean Islands are often referred to as the West Indies? Columbus originally believed he had landed in the East Indies near Asia. As a result, the islands were later named the West Indies. Critical Thinking Analyzing Information Study the feature on the Columbian Exchange on page 60 of your textbook. What foods were shipped to Europe? Corn, potatoes, tomatoes, beans and chocolate were shipped to Europe. Geography and History Activity Study the map below and answer the questions on the following slides. Geography and History Activity Place In what present-day states were the Spanish missions located? The Spanish missions were located in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Geography and History Activity Location Near what city was the northernmost Spanish mission located? The northernmost Spanish mission was located near San Francisco. Geography and History Activity Location In which direction would a traveler leaving Mexico City journey to reach San Diego? A traveler leaving Mexico City to journey to San Diego would travel northwest.