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Running head: LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
Lesson Plan Using Manipulatives: Fractions
Jennifer Raehl
EED 415
July 30, 2012
Dr. Christi Salas
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LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
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Lesson Plan Using Manipulatives: Fractions
Subject(s) Language Arts (English), Mathematics, Art
Topic or Unit of Study Fractions
Grade/Level Grade 5
Objective Students will be able to use a variety of representations to model
fractions with 100% accuracy.
Students will be able to create fractions out of shapes with 100%
accuracy.
Students will demonstrate fractions as both parts of a whole and part
of a group with 100% accuracy.
Students will construct fraction word problems to share with their
group using vocabulary words correctly.
Students will show fractions in an online program, correctly identifying
and labeling 4 out of 6 sets of fractions.
Students will create their own fractions sets in the online program as
art.
Summary Students will be introduced to the topic of fractions using
manipulatives, practicing creating fractions from halves to sixteenths.
Practice will include the use of a geoboard, worksheets, an online
activity, and an informal assessment of learning. Students will also
practice speaking skills, meeting language arts standards, as they work
in groups and share their work with the class. Students will also
develop their own artwork to demonstrate their understanding of
fractions.
IMPLEMENTATION
Learning Context This lesson is the first in a unit on fractions. The following lessons will
look at fractions using several different manipulatives and forms of
assessment. A basic understanding of fractions is not necessary. All
vocabulary and hands on applications will be introduced in the lessons
of the unit.
Task Analysis/Procedure 1. The teacher will introduce the topic of fractions by showing a
symmetrical shape on a geoboard using an overhead projector, or
using a geoboard drawing on the white board. Using differing colors of
geobands or white board markers show how to divide the shape in half.
2. Using geoboards each student should create their own geometrical
shape and demonstrate half with a different color geoband. Have
students show a neighbor their geoboard. The teacher will monitor this
activity by walking around the room.
3. Using the same format, show and have students practice fourths,
sixths, eighths, and sixteenths. Have students share examples of their
work with a neighbor and monitor progress by walking around the
LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
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room.
4. Student will divide into groups of 4 to create a worksheet showing
shapes divided into half, fourths, eighths, and sixteenths. Each group
will use graph paper with four sections ready for creating the shapes
and colored pencils.
5. Each group member will create a shape on their geoboard to copy
onto the paper. Each student will divide their shapes into one of the
fractions. Using colored pencils they will recreate their shape and
fraction on the paper.
6. Each group may share their papers with the class using the
overhead projector.
7. Students will individually log on to www.conceptuamath.com and
watch the video tutorial for the activity "Unitize Fractions on a Grid".
Students will then complete the 6 practice problems, leaving the screen
open to show their final score. The teacher will monitor and assist
students as necessary.
8. Students will be asked to use the "Utilize Fractions on a Grid"
activity to create a piece of art. Each art work must include each of the
fractions and at least five colors. Artwork will be printed and displayed.
9. Students will be given a worksheet as an assessment from the book
Intermediate Geoboard (p. 46) (Appendix A)
Collaboration Students will work collaboratively & individually. Students will work in
groups of 4.
Time Allotment 1 class periods. 1 Hr. per class.
Author's Comments
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES
Instructional Materials Geoboard for each student
(handouts, etc.)
Geobands, or colored rubber bands, for each student
Colored pencils
Graph paper
Resources
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Materials and resources:
Intermediate Geoboard Activty Book
Geoboards
Geobands
Technology resources:
IE Explorer
The number of computers required is 1 per student.
Students Familiarity with Software Tool:
Students should be able to use the Internet
LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
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STANDARDS & ASSESSMENT
Standards
Display:
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PA- Pennsylvania DOE Standards Aligned System - Clear
Standards (2010)
Subject Area: Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening
Standard Area: 1.6: Speaking and Listening
Grade Level: 5
Standard:
1.6.5.A: Listen critically and respond to others in small and large group
situations. Respond with grade level appropriate questions, ideas,
information, or opinions.
Standard Area: 1.9: Information, Communication, and Technology
Literacy
Grade Level: 5
Standard:
1.9.5.A: Use media and technology resources for problem solving, selfdirected learning, and extended learning activities.
Subject Area: Mathematics
Standard Area: 2.1: Numbers, Number Systems and Number
Relationships
Grade Level: 5
Standard:
2.1.5.A: Apply number patterns to count and compare values of whole
numbers, fractions, and decimals.
Standard:
2.1.5.B: Use number theory concepts and models to represent or
rename whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.
Assessment Anchor:
M5.A.1: Demonstrate an understanding of numbers, ways of
representing numbers, relationships among numbers and number
systems.
Anchor Descriptor:
M5.A.1.5: Use or develop models to represent fractions and/or mixed
numbers.
Eligible Content:
M5.A.1.5.1: Use or develop regions and/or sets (e.g., circle graph,
base ten blocks) to model fractions and mixed numbers through
hundredths (may include reducing the fractions).
Subject Area: Arts and Humanities
Standard Area: 9.1: Production, Performance and Exhibition of
Dance, Music, Theatre and Visual Arts
Grade Level: 5
Standard:
9.1.5.J: Apply traditional and contemporary technologies for producing,
performing and exhibiting works in the arts or the works of others.
Experiment with traditional technologies (e.g., ceramic/wooden tools,
earthen clays, masks, instruments, folk shoes, etching tools, folk
looms). Experiment with contemporary technologies (e.g., color fills on
computers, texture methods on computers, fonts/point systems,
animation techniques, video teleconferencing, multimedia techniques,
internet access, library computer card catalogues).
Assessment/Rubrics Assessment for this activity includes informal assessment during
LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
activities as well as a formal assessment. The formal assessment is of
a worksheet at the end of the lesson.
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LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS
Appendix A
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