Running head: LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS Lesson Plan Using Manipulatives: Fractions Jennifer Raehl EED 415 July 30, 2012 Dr. Christi Salas 1 LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS 2 Lesson Plan Using Manipulatives: Fractions Subject(s) Language Arts (English), Mathematics, Art Topic or Unit of Study Fractions Grade/Level Grade 5 Objective Students will be able to use a variety of representations to model fractions with 100% accuracy. Students will be able to create fractions out of shapes with 100% accuracy. Students will demonstrate fractions as both parts of a whole and part of a group with 100% accuracy. Students will construct fraction word problems to share with their group using vocabulary words correctly. Students will show fractions in an online program, correctly identifying and labeling 4 out of 6 sets of fractions. Students will create their own fractions sets in the online program as art. Summary Students will be introduced to the topic of fractions using manipulatives, practicing creating fractions from halves to sixteenths. Practice will include the use of a geoboard, worksheets, an online activity, and an informal assessment of learning. Students will also practice speaking skills, meeting language arts standards, as they work in groups and share their work with the class. Students will also develop their own artwork to demonstrate their understanding of fractions. IMPLEMENTATION Learning Context This lesson is the first in a unit on fractions. The following lessons will look at fractions using several different manipulatives and forms of assessment. A basic understanding of fractions is not necessary. All vocabulary and hands on applications will be introduced in the lessons of the unit. Task Analysis/Procedure 1. The teacher will introduce the topic of fractions by showing a symmetrical shape on a geoboard using an overhead projector, or using a geoboard drawing on the white board. Using differing colors of geobands or white board markers show how to divide the shape in half. 2. Using geoboards each student should create their own geometrical shape and demonstrate half with a different color geoband. Have students show a neighbor their geoboard. The teacher will monitor this activity by walking around the room. 3. Using the same format, show and have students practice fourths, sixths, eighths, and sixteenths. Have students share examples of their work with a neighbor and monitor progress by walking around the LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS 3 room. 4. Student will divide into groups of 4 to create a worksheet showing shapes divided into half, fourths, eighths, and sixteenths. Each group will use graph paper with four sections ready for creating the shapes and colored pencils. 5. Each group member will create a shape on their geoboard to copy onto the paper. Each student will divide their shapes into one of the fractions. Using colored pencils they will recreate their shape and fraction on the paper. 6. Each group may share their papers with the class using the overhead projector. 7. Students will individually log on to www.conceptuamath.com and watch the video tutorial for the activity "Unitize Fractions on a Grid". Students will then complete the 6 practice problems, leaving the screen open to show their final score. The teacher will monitor and assist students as necessary. 8. Students will be asked to use the "Utilize Fractions on a Grid" activity to create a piece of art. Each art work must include each of the fractions and at least five colors. Artwork will be printed and displayed. 9. Students will be given a worksheet as an assessment from the book Intermediate Geoboard (p. 46) (Appendix A) Collaboration Students will work collaboratively & individually. Students will work in groups of 4. Time Allotment 1 class periods. 1 Hr. per class. Author's Comments MATERIALS AND RESOURCES Instructional Materials Geoboard for each student (handouts, etc.) Geobands, or colored rubber bands, for each student Colored pencils Graph paper Resources Materials and resources: Intermediate Geoboard Activty Book Geoboards Geobands Technology resources: IE Explorer The number of computers required is 1 per student. Students Familiarity with Software Tool: Students should be able to use the Internet LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS 4 STANDARDS & ASSESSMENT Standards Display: Collapse All Expand All PA- Pennsylvania DOE Standards Aligned System - Clear Standards (2010) Subject Area: Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening Standard Area: 1.6: Speaking and Listening Grade Level: 5 Standard: 1.6.5.A: Listen critically and respond to others in small and large group situations. Respond with grade level appropriate questions, ideas, information, or opinions. Standard Area: 1.9: Information, Communication, and Technology Literacy Grade Level: 5 Standard: 1.9.5.A: Use media and technology resources for problem solving, selfdirected learning, and extended learning activities. Subject Area: Mathematics Standard Area: 2.1: Numbers, Number Systems and Number Relationships Grade Level: 5 Standard: 2.1.5.A: Apply number patterns to count and compare values of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Standard: 2.1.5.B: Use number theory concepts and models to represent or rename whole numbers, fractions, and decimals. Assessment Anchor: M5.A.1: Demonstrate an understanding of numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers and number systems. Anchor Descriptor: M5.A.1.5: Use or develop models to represent fractions and/or mixed numbers. Eligible Content: M5.A.1.5.1: Use or develop regions and/or sets (e.g., circle graph, base ten blocks) to model fractions and mixed numbers through hundredths (may include reducing the fractions). Subject Area: Arts and Humanities Standard Area: 9.1: Production, Performance and Exhibition of Dance, Music, Theatre and Visual Arts Grade Level: 5 Standard: 9.1.5.J: Apply traditional and contemporary technologies for producing, performing and exhibiting works in the arts or the works of others. Experiment with traditional technologies (e.g., ceramic/wooden tools, earthen clays, masks, instruments, folk shoes, etching tools, folk looms). Experiment with contemporary technologies (e.g., color fills on computers, texture methods on computers, fonts/point systems, animation techniques, video teleconferencing, multimedia techniques, internet access, library computer card catalogues). Assessment/Rubrics Assessment for this activity includes informal assessment during LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS activities as well as a formal assessment. The formal assessment is of a worksheet at the end of the lesson. 5 LESSON PLAN USING MANIPULATIVES: FRACTIONS Appendix A 6

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